From Market- to Development Orientation - The Trade Aspect of Food Security and Agriculture

Nikolai Fuchs

Abstract


Trade rules are suggested to be one of the reasons for the hunger in the world and environmental damage. As current trade rules encourage market orientation and therefore specialization and industrialization of agriculture, which has as side effects rural hunger and environmental damage, there is room for improvement in the international trade regime. One main finding of Nexus Foundations' work in Geneva is a possible new orientation for agricultural and food markets – an orientation on development, rather than purely on markets. This development orientation consists of several elements from development of soil fertility to local markets and consumer relatedness. Since the Bali Ministerial in 2013, the WTO has set up a four year work programme on the issue of food security related to food reserves. This opens the chance to discuss broader food security issues in the realm of trade negotiations.

Keywords: Trade rules, food security, environmental damage, market orientation, development orientation

Submitted 15 April 2014; Published 10 June 2014

urn:nbn:de:hebis:34-2014062645635


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