The Political Ecology of Salmon Aquaculture in Chile

Nina Neuscheler


Every German consumes per year, 15% is salmon, which is the third most popular fish in Germany after Alaska-Seelachs and Hering (Keller/Kress 2013: 9). But where does the salmon that ends up  on our plates every 6th time we eat fish come from? There's no obligation for producers to declare the origin of their fish products, but if they do so, the latin name of the fish, catching method and catch area should be declared. Salmon, of which about 40% are captured in the wild and the rest brought up in aquacultures, could then be declared as follows: Salmon (salmo salar), aquaculture from Chile. Without any doubt, this makes consumption more transparent, but the standards of production – both, social and ecological ones – and the ecological impacts are still kept in the dark.

Submitted 12 February 2014; Published 10 June 2014


Full Text:



Alogoskoufis, George and Smith, Ronald Patrick, (1991), On Error Correction Models: ASC (2013). “Salmon”, available online at: http://www.asc‐ act=tekst.item&iid=3&iids=18&lng=1, last accessed September 7, 2013

Blaikie, Piers/Brookfield, Harold (1987) (Eds.): Land Degredation and Society. London/New York: Methuen.

Bryant, Raymond L. (2001). “Political Ecology: A Critical Agenda for Change?”, in: Castree, Noel/Braun, Bruce (2001) (Eds.): Social Nature. Theory, Practice, and Politics, p. 151‐169. Massachussetts: Blackwell.

Becker, Egon/Jahn, Thomas (2006) (Eds.). Soziale Ökologie. Grundzüge einer Wissenschaft von den gesellschaftlichen Naturverhältnissen. Frankfurt: Campus.

Cabrera, Sebastián (2003): „Veterinarios Sin Fronteras y otros grupos denuncian las exportaciones de salmon chileno“, EL Pais, available online at:, last accessed September 6, 2013

Doren, Daniela/Gabella, Juan Pablo (2001). Salmonicultura en Chile: Desarollo, Proyecciones e Impacto. Santiago: Terram Publicaciones.

FAO, Fisheries and Aquaculture Department (2009). Yearbook 2009. Rome:FAO.

Fortt Z., Antonia/Buschmann, Alejandro (2007). “Use and Abuse of Antibiotics in Salmon Farming”, available online at: version_ingles_1.pdf, last accessed on August 15, 2013

García Moreno, Ferran (2005). “Salmones en Chile. El negocio de comerse el mar. Documento 4 de Colleción Soberanía Alimentaria”, available online at:,SALMONES%20EN%20CHILE, %20el%20negocio%20de%20comerse%20el%20mar.pdf, last accessed August 5, 2013

Gennari, Pietro/Keita, Naman/Schmidhuber, Josef (2013) (Eds.). FAO Statistical Yearbook 2013. World food and agriculture. Rome: FAO.

Keller, Matthias/Kess, Sandra, Fisch‐Informationszentrum e.V.(2013): Fischwirtschaft. Daten und Fakten. Hamburg: Fisch‐Informationszentrum e.V.

Krings, Thomas (2008). “Politische Ökologie”, in: Gebhard, Hans et al. (Eds.): Geographie. Physische Geographie und Humangeographie, pp. 949‐958. Heidelberg: Spektrum.

Igor Melillanca, Patricio/Díaz Medina, Isabel (2007). Radiografía a la Industria del Salmón en Chile. Bajo de la mirada de estandraes de RSE, Serie Documentos Red Puentes Chile. Puerto Montt: Ecoceanos.

Morgenthaler, Katja (2011). “Der große böse Wolf”, in: Greenpeace Magazin 5/2011, available online at: http://www.greenpeace‐, last accessed July 18, 2013

Oceana (2012). “Farmed Salmon Escapes”, available online at:‐marine‐wildlife/salmon/learn‐ act/farmed‐ salmon‐escapes, last accessed August 21, 2013

Plarre, H,/Nylund, A./Karlsen, M./Brevik, Ø/Sæther, P.A./Vike, S. (2012). “Evolution of infectious salmon anaemia vurs (ISA virus)”, available online at:, last accessed August 23, 2013

Robbins (2004). Political Ecology. A Critical Introduction. Malden/Oxford/Victoria: Blackwell.

Trovall, Elizabeth (2013). “ISA virus detection threatens Chilean salmon markets. Salmon producers hold their breath after virus‐detection causes drop in stocks”, The Santiago Times, April 12, 2013, available online at:‐trade/26000‐isa‐virus‐ detection‐threatens‐chilean‐salmon‐markets, last accessed August 23, 2013.


  • There are currently no refbacks.



 Google Scholar H5 index 3 

Sponsoring Organisations

Logo Agrarekologie Uni Kassel