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Water for food – Possibilities and Innovative Solutions

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Water, as in any other sector, is essential for agriculture and in turn for food security. The link is simple: crops and livestock need water to grow. To give a few examples, producing one kg of rice requires more than three tons of water and a kg of beef some 15 tons (Hoekstra and Chapagain, 2008). Dietary habits around the world, thus, have a significant impact on water consumption for food. A personal diet that is rich in meat can require over five tons of water per day. This is in stark contrast to the fact that around the world there are nearly 870 million people whose daily intake of calories is insufficient to live active and healthy lives (i.e. chronic undernourishment) (FAO, 2012).

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